Sri Sadhu Ram Chaurasia s/o Late Sri Ram Kewal Chaurasia, living in village Malethu Bujurg, Block Haringtonganj of Ayodhya district (UP) was planning to cultivate a crop which gives some remunerative than the prevailing rice-wheat cropping system, but he was totally clueless on what to cultivate. Rice-wheat cropping system did not give much benefit to feed his family member. Another problem was the soil. The soil of the block Haringtonganj is saline and sodic soils, which provide very less productivity to various field crops. Being a young aged farmer, he along with same aged group friends visited Krishi Vigyan Kendra Masodha, Faizabad and discussed with the scientists about their problems and request them to provide other alternative of the prevailing cropping system. Krishi Vigyan Kendra after assessing their problems and need provided a platform with various research scientists engaged in the diversification at the premises to sort out their problems during April, 2010. Sri Chaurasia met with Dr. Vikrama Prasad Pandey, Associate Professor, Dept. of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture & Agro forestry, N.D.U.A. & T., Kumarganj, Faizabad (UP) during the meeting and after discussion it was realized that seed spices and turmeric crop may be the solution of his problem.
Initially, the seed rhizomes of turmeric var. NDH 1 of half quintal provided to him through on farm trial programme of KVK, so that a trust must be developed within him and in the other villagers. Assessment of variety was also done with the programme. He yielded from half quintal seed to 10 quintals of raw turmeric. He dried about 05 quintals of turmeric and powdered it for domestic use to himself and other villagers of his village so that quality of turmeric powder can be judge out. A warm response of quality of turmeric powder and superiority with other powders prevailed in the market was obtained. Now he convinced that this cultivar of turmeric gave the better profit after commercialization.
Thereafter, he continuously grew turmeric in 0.5 ha area and commercialized the products with the help of local market along with the selling of seed rhizome. With 0.5 ha area he earned a profit of Rs. 50,000/- every year with the cultivation of turmeric crop. From last three years (2012-13) he also harvested turmeric oil from its leaves and provided to nearby villagers with a remunerable rates. He now earned extra Rs. 15,000/- every year with the oil of turmeric crop.
Maturing in 230 days under irrigated conditions, NDH 1 gave an average yield of 25-28 tonnes per hectare with a dry recovery of 17.8 per cent. Relatively higher levels of curcumin (4.25%), oleoresin (10.6%) and essential oil (5.5%) make NDH 1 a hottest choice for industrial, medicinal and culinary purposes. This high curcumin variety of turmeric was developed by N.D.U.A. & T. Kumarganj.
Regarding the future course of action, Sri Chaurasia has well thought out plans. He strongly feels that NDH 1 turmeric powder and oil should be marketed in the household as a unique branded product, owing to its better culinary properties. Current year he started to establish a processing plant for the processing of turmeric.
The dominant cropping system of the district is Rice–Wheat. Sugarcane-Wheat and Maize-Vegetables are other systems prevalent in some parts of the district. Pigeon pea, chickpea and field pea are the main pulses and mustard is the main oilseed crop. Mango, Guava is the major fruit crops. Vegetable seed production in some blocks of the district is the major cash crop in addition to sugarcane and potato.
It can be seen that the highest sown area is under rice crop 65.85% followed by wheat with 62.4 %. Sugarcane and potato are cash crops sharing 13.71 % and 2.13 % respectively. Jowar 0.65%, Barley 0.33%, Vegetables 5.33% and Orchard 0.84% cover in very small area.
Intervention of KVK:
KVK, Masodha, Faizabad analyzed problem in detail and suggested farmers to diversify their agriculture by taking vegetables (Potato, tomato, capacium, pointed gourd and vegetable pea) and with few short duration horticultural crops (banana, papaya, straw berry) cultivation.
It was suggested that , rice- vegetable pea – wheat system was distinctly better than exiting rice- wheat with productivity of 52.3 kg/ha/ day as rice equivalent grain yield and profitability of Rs.202.8 /ha /day followed by rice – potato- wheat with productivity of 45.5 kg/ha/day and profitability of Rs.136.0 /ha/day. For Long term sustained productivity and economic gains rice – vegetable pea-wheat- green gram every year and rice- mustard- green gram once in three years followed by rice- wheat –green gram were equally good giving the respective land use efficiency of 98.1 % and 92.0%, irrigation water use productivity of 143.6 and 155.3 and nutrient use productivity of 23.8 and 27.8 kg grain/kg nutrient use as compared to the existing rice wheat system which was inferior in all aspects.
Preparation of Strategic Model:
Strategy: Both long and short term strategies worked out considering the present trends and future perspectives of globalization of economy with new trade opportunities, no fixed system was expected to sustain in the years to come. Therefore, diverse system dynamic in nature and capable to absorb change were desirable, were prepared.
The crop diversification was first adopted during 2004-05 by Sri Anand Prabhakar Apte , Tamsil Ahmed Khan of village Katrouli. It was also adopted by Rajendra Verma, Ganesh verma and Radhesyam Verma of Village Magalsi of Sohawal Tahsil of Faizabad. Initially farmers were insecure of growing vegetable and banana cultivation but just after one season they realized that crop diversification is sustainable. Now villages like Raounahi, Digamberpur, Jaganpur, Pilkhawan, Arkuna, Khamarjia ,Sohawan, Bandhuwan are following large scale of crop diversification. Some villages of Bikapur Tehsil are also following crop diversification like Belari, Semra, Sherpur-Para, Bedouli, Nasirpura, Nandrouli etc.In last 9-10 years large scale crop diversification has reached 1.2 ha to 400 ha. Before crop diversification farmers were earning annually Rs.-12000-17000/ acre. After crop diversification there earnings have increased 3 times i.e. Rs. 40000-50000/ acre annually.
|Crop||Var.||Technology provided Production||(q/acre) Net income||(Rs./acre)|
|Tomato||Naveen, Avinash-3, Pusa HYV-4, Namdhari-526||HYV var. Determinate and Indeterminate type||325-350||60000-70000|
|Potato||Kufri chandramukhi, Kufri Bahar, chip sona||High yielding var.+ plant protection||140-150||25000-35000|
|Karela||Vivek, Tejarati, NBPH-101,454,616||HYV, using machan||200-250||50000-60000|
|Capsicum||Indira, supriya||HYV.+plant protection||150-180||80000-90000|
|Chilli||Kiran Agni, Jwala||HYV.+plant protection||200-250||1.0 -1.25 lacs Market unstable|
|Banana||G-9, Harichhal||Tissue culture 6x6 feet=1200 plants/acre||25-27 kg/plants||32400q/acre 60000-80000|
|Papaya||Red lady, Pusa delicious, Pusa dwarf||6x6 feet=1200 plant/acre||25-30 kg/plant 30000q/acre||70000-90000|
The progressive farmers which were interested in crop diversification, crop rotation mainly in vegetable and horticulture cultivation were selected. They were given training on seed production of various vegetables and horticulture crops.
Intervention points implemented:
Progress:(Over the years)
Horizontal (increase in area): In last 9-10 years large scale crop diversification has reached from 1.2 ha to 400 ha.
Vertical (increase in production): Before crop diversification mainly in rice-wheat cropping system farmers were getting 20-22 q/acre grain yields. But after crop diversification the production has reached upto 220 q/acre.
Before crop diversification farmers were earning annually Rs.12000-17000/ acre. After crop diversification there earnings have increased 3 times i.e. Rs. 40000-50000/ acre annually.
1. Introduction of the Eneterpreneurs: Smt. Urmila Devi; W/O/ Sri Sant Ram; Village/Post- Maglasi; Block- Sohawal; District: Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh)
2. Resources Possessed: Land-2.0 acre; irrigation source: canal and tube well; animals; goats (8 female and 01 male); birds: 150; machinery: Power triller
3. Source of Motivation: Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Masodha, Ayodhya
4. Technology and innovation adopted: Scientists helped in selection of new technologies, new variety and their cultivation.
|Year||Products||Quantity Produced/sold||Expenditure (Rs.)||Income (Rs.)|
|2017-18||Vegetables (Turai, lobia, bitter guard, tomato, pumpkin, cauliflower, green pea)and banana mixed croping|| Vegetable-380q
|2018-19||Vegetables (Turai, lobia, bitter guard, tomato, pumpkin, cauliflower, green pea)and banana mixed croping|| Vegetable-400q
|2019-20||Vegetables (Turai, lobia, bitter guard, tomato, pumpkin, cauliflower, green pea)and banana mixed cropping|| Vegetable-410q
6. Contributing factors: My husband Sri Sant Ram, son-Sri Shobha Ram and daughter in-law Smt. Saroj Rawat help in cultivation and marketing of crops. The scientists of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Masodha, Ayodhya provide me all the technical and scientific knowledge along with seed, pesticides and marketing skills.
8. Importance for other farmers: All the farmers of village- Maglasi, Pure Ram deen, Juber Ganj started mixed vegetable and Banana farming and getting profit for improvement of their economic status.
Chickpea variety Joki-9218 becoming popular in farmers’ for their yielding trait: Ayodhya
Situation analysis/ Problem statements:- Mr. Umanath Shukla, village: Bansgoan, Post: Amaniganj block: Amaniganj, district: Ayodhya, a farmer who was selected for this demonstration. He was earlier involved with local variety of Chickpea Udai. These varieties were low in yield
Chickpea variety Joki-9218 becoming popular in farmers’ for their yielding trait: AyodhyaPlan, Implement and Support:- KVK Ayodhya tries to make them aware regarding scientific cultivation of Chickpea. That starts from land preparation to harvesting. This KVK has encouraged the farmer for soil testing and on the basis of that farmer was advised for balanced dose of chemical fertilizer with high yielding varieties Joki-9218. That was sown on 01-11-2018 with line sowing and fertilizer application was done with basal application in which full dose of nitrogen, full dose of SSP and full dose of MOP as recommended.
Output:- Mr. Umanath Shukla adopted the balanced dose of chemical, fertilizer (N:P:K:S::20:60:30:30) kg/ha in Chickpea crop as per suggestion of KVK’s scientist for his 0.4ha land. His local yield was 12.2 qt with recommended technology. His yield increased by 22.95% with yield 15.0 qt. The economical gain in terms of per unit expenditure gross income, net return and BCR are recorded. Rs 29200, Rs. 69300, Rs. 40100 and 2.37 correspondingly.
Outcome:- Chickpea crop is the major pulse crop of the district. KVK Ayodhya conducted 25 demonstrations in 1 villages during 2018-19 in an area of 10 ha at farmers’ field with using Joki-9218 and balanced dose of chemical fertilizer (N:P:K:S::20:60:30:30) kg/ha. The outcome of this demonstration motivated the farming communities to replace their old varieties, non-descriptive varieties. Mr. Umanath Shukla is very happy on improvement in their income, livelihood and set forth example for others.
Impact:- Mr. Umanath Shukla is becoming one of the progressive and learned farmers for others with regards to popularization of Joki-9218. This technology helps him for livelihood, empowerment and make him enthusiastic regards pulses production. He is one of the progressive farmer after a becoming a part of KVK activities and get their effectiveness for his own development. Mr. Umanath Shukla is very happy with this improved production and management technology and set forth example for other farmers of the district.
CFLD Chickpea variety joki-9218 field visited by Dr. Man Singh Director, Directorate of Sugarcane Development , Lucknow with KVK’s scientist
CFLD Chickpea variety joki-9218 field visited by Hon’ble Vice Chancellor, Prof. J.S Sandhu & Director Extension, Dr. A.P Rao with KVK’s scientist
कृषक का नाम ः श्री केदार नाथ मौर्य
गाॅव का नाम ः भरतू पुर
विकासखण्ड ः सोहावल
जनपद ः फैजाबाद
फैजाबाद जनपद की तहसील सोहावल के लघु कृषक है श्री केदारनाथ मौर्य। इनके 18 सदस्यीय संयुक्त परिवार की कृषि ही आजीविका का एक मात्र साधन है। सीमित संसाधनो और मात्र दो एकड़ बलुई दोमट मिट्टी वाले खेत से उर्वरता की कमी के कारण बदहाली, कभी फसल कीट व्याधि के प्रकोप से चैपट, कभी दूसरी फसल के लिए पँूजी की कमी, ऐसी स्थिति में पूरे परिवार का उचित ढंग से भरण-पोषण एवं बच्चों की शिक्षा प्रभावित हो रही थी। वर्ष 2005-06 में कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र मसौधा, अयोध्या के वैज्ञानिकांे के सामने अपनी समस्या रखी। केन्द्र के वैज्ञानिको ने उनके साथ बैठकर पूरे वर्ष की सम्पूर्ण कृषि योजना बनाई। कृषि योजना में यह ध्यान रखा गया कि केदारनाथ मौर्य के पूरे परिवार के लिए वर्ष भर के लिए अन्न, दाल, तेल, सब्जी, पशुओं का चारा एवं नकदी फसल के माध्यम से धन की व्यवस्था हो सके। इस प्रक्रिया में केदारनाथ मौर्य एवं इनके भाई द्वारा अपनाई जा रही कृषि तकनीक एवं विविधीकरण के अन्तर्गत वैज्ञानिक तकनीक के अन्तर का आंकलन कर, इस फैसले को सत्य करने की भी योजना बनाई गई।
आज केदारनाथ मौर्य का दो एकड़ का प्रक्षेत्र आस-पास के किसानांे के लिए प्रेरणा का श्रोत बन गया है। रबी में टी0पी0एस0 आलू उत्पादन, पपीता तथा मिर्च की खेती, मचान पर परवल की खेती, खरीफ में नरेन्द्र्र्र्र संकर धान-2 का बीजोत्पादन तथा जायद में लौकी एवं भिण्डी की खेती एवं बीजोत्पादन और साथ ही फल-फूल एवं सब्जी की पौधशाला से अच्छी आय अर्जित कर रहें है। कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र एवं कृषि विश्वविद्यालय के वैज्ञानिकों के सम्पर्क मंे सतत् बने रहकर कृषि विविधीकरण को अपना कर श्री मौर्य जनपद स्तर पर नया प्रतिमान स्थापित कर रहंे है। इनकी दो एकड़ की सुव्यवस्थित एवं वैज्ञानिक कृषि की बदौलत श्री मौर्य ने अपने ज्येष्ठ पुत्र को नरेन्द्र देव कृषि एवं प्रौ0 वि0 वि0 कुमारगंज से एम0एस0सी0 कृषि एवं पी0एच0डी0 भी कराया, जो आज एक उच्च पद पर आसीन है और साथ ही परिवार के लिए एक पक्का मकान भी बनवा रहे है।
केदारनाथ मौर्य ने कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र के वैज्ञानिको के साथ मिलकर यह सिद्ध किया कि विकास परिवर्तन की एक सतत् एवं गत्यात्मक प्रक्रिया है। विगत पाॅच वर्षों के अन्दर श्री मौर्य के प्रक्षेत्र प्रबन्धन का प्रत्यक्ष अवलोकन कुलपति न0 दे0 कृ0 एवं प्रौ0 वि0 वि0 कुमारगंज, फैजाबाद, आयुक्त फैजाबाद मंडल, जिलाधिकारी फैजाबाद एवं जोनल प्रोजेक्ट डायरेक्टर, भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद नई दिल्ली आदि ने किया जिससे श्री मौर्य भविष्य के प्रति काफी आशान्वित है। श्री मौर्य प्रति एकड़ जमीन से एक लाख रू0 का शुद्ध लाभ प्रति वर्ष प्राप्त कर रहे है।
|संकर धान (नरेन्द्र संकर धान 1) का बीजोत्पादन||टी0पी0एस0 आलू बीज उत्पादन||मेन्था तेल उत्पादन|
|पपीता तथा मिर्च की खेती, मचान पर परवल की खेती, लौकी एवं भिण्डी की खेती एवं बीजोत्पादन और साथ ही फल-फूल एवं सब्जी की पौधशाला|